Although not a member of the EU, Switzerland, because of its position at the heart of Europe, maintains strong economic and social relations with many Schengen states and is part of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) with Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein (other third countries within the Schengen area). Switzerland became an integral part of the Schengen area after signing the agreement on 26 October 2004 and beginning to implement it on 12 December 2008. The November 13 attacks in Paris, which killed 130 people, led to an urgent change of mentality in the Schengen agreements. The Schengen Agreement includes two separate agreements that were ratified in 1985 and 1990 respectively. Between them, they abolished border controls and greatly facilitated transit through Europe. The two individual agreements indicated that obtaining the visa resulting from the Schengen Agreement corresponded to almost all visa procedures. You apply, send your passport and then receive a stamp if you are approved. However, they must meet certain criteria and requirements in order to qualify for a visa under the Schengen Agreement. One of the most remarkable requirements is Schengen visa insurance. With the entry into force on 1 May 1999 of the Schengen Protocol of the Treaty of Amsterdam of 2 October 1997, Schengen cooperation was transposed into EU law, initially solely on the basis of an international agreement. The two Schengen agreements have been a major step forward for transport in Europe.
Queues would often be one kilometre long and wait for border patrols to sign them, but the agreements helped to stop them. Today, people can enter neighbouring countries without having to present any form of identity card. Of course, airlines always require you to show it for security reasons, but border controls are much easier to navigate and don`t even exist in some cases. It takes its name from the City of Schengen in Luxembourg, where the agreement was signed in 1985. It came into force in 1995. Relations between Iceland and Norway, on the one hand, and Ireland and the United Kingdom, on the other, in the areas of the Schengen acquis applicable to Iceland and Norway are governed by an agreement approved by the Council of the European Union on 28 June 1999. In December 1996, two non-EU states, Norway and Iceland, signed an association agreement with the countries that signed the Schengen accession agreement. Although this agreement never entered into force, the two countries were part of the Schengen area following similar agreements with the EU.  The Schengen Agreement itself was not signed by non-EU states.  In 2009, Switzerland officially concluded its accession to the Schengen area by adopting an association agreement by referendum in 2005.
 Originally, the Schengen treaties and the rules adopted were officially independent of the EEC and its successor, the European Union (EU). In 1999, the Treaty of Amsterdam incorporated them into EU law, which codified Schengen into EU law and also introduced opt-outs for Ireland and the Kingdom, the latter having taken place since its withdrawal from the EU. EU Member States that do not yet have an opt-out and have not yet joined the Schengen area are legally obliged to do so if they meet the technical requirements.