On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, “Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go. He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change.” It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder goals as technology progresses, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations.   There is rarely a consensus among almost all nations on a single subject. But with the Paris agreement, world leaders agreed that climate change was driven by human behaviour, that it was a threat to the environment and to humanity as a whole, and that global action was needed to stop it. In addition, a clear framework has been put in place for all countries to make commitments to reduce emissions and strengthen these measures over time. Here are some main reasons why the agreement is so important: the Paris Agreement involves years of work in the fight against climate change. In 1992, countries joined an international treaty, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. In 2005, the Kyoto Protocol became a legally binding treaty. It called on its parties to achieve internationally binding emission reduction targets. It will end in 2020 and COP21 is expected to take its place. Four months after the United States announced its withdrawal, Syria signed the agreement at the COP23 climate talks in Bonn, the only country to oppose the pact. Syria`s announcement was seen as largely symbolic, given the challenges facing the war-torn country.
The American people believe in climate change – and they are determined to address it. The NDC partnership was launched at COP22 in Marrakech to improve cooperation so that countries have access to the technical knowledge and financial support they need to achieve major climate and sustainable development goals. The NDC partnership is led by a steering committee made up of industrialized and developing countries and international institutions and is supported by a support unit organized by the World Resources Institute and based in Washington, D.C. and Bonn, Germany. The NDC partnership is co-chaired by the governments of Costa Rica and the Netherlands and has 93 Member States, 21 institutional partners and 10 associate members. In light of the above, 179 countries and the EU spent two weeks in Paris in December 2015 to draft the final text of an agreement to keep global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius and, if possible, below 1.5 degrees Celsius. Climate change is an urgent threat that requires decisive action. Communities around the world are already feeling more and more of an impact on the climate, from droughts to floods to rising seas.
The Global Risk Report of the World Economic Forum remains at the top of the list. The objective of the agreement is to reduce Article 2 global warming and improve the implementation of the UNFCCC through the initial Commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol until 2012.