On 25 May, EU education ministers adopted the Paris communiqué at the ministerial conference of the Bologna process. It deals with topics already discussed in the Yerevan communiqué, such as implementation, learning and teaching, digital and … The ministers of education also adopted the Paris communiqué, which highlights priority activities in this area for the coming years. The communiqué outlines the common vision of education ministers from 48 European countries for a more ambitious European higher education area by 2020. The Website of the Academic Co-Operation Association (ACA) focuses on European cooperation in the field of education and training, monitoring developments through publications, news and events. By 2010, the higher education systems of European countries should be organised in such a way as to be the first of their kind to be organised between ministers from the 46 countries of Bologna and colleagues from different regions of the world, reflecting the growing interest of countries outside Europe in the Bologna process. It also reflects the growing interest of European countries in developing closer links with other higher education systems. The social dimension of higher education has been at the centre of discussions in the Bologna process since its early years. A new set of principles and… Ministers responsible for higher education in the countries of Bologna meet every two years to measure progress and set priorities for action. After Bologna (1999), they met in Prague (2001), Berlin (2003), Bergen (2005), London (2007), Leuven/Louvain-La-Neuve, Belgium (April 2009), Vienna and Budapest (April 2010). Last year was the tenth anniversary of the trial.
The next ministerial meeting will take place in Bucharest (Romania) from 26 to 27 April 2012. The basic framework is that of three cycles of university degrees. The framework adopted by ministers at their 2005 meeting in Bergen defines the qualifications for learning outcomes: information on what students know and can do about their degree. The description of the cycles describes the European system of allocation and accumulation of study credits (ECTS): according to an online survey by the Tertiary Education Information Centre, 65% of respondents felt that there was no need to implement this system. The new system offers fewer guarantees for master`s degrees, as many will complete their training after three years of licensing. Students are expected to study more unrelated subjects in the first three years, as the number of main subjects is lower.  In the field of engineering, universities have offered only a 51-year master`s degree (diplomi-insin-i), replaced by a three-year bachelor`s degree (tekniikan kandidaatti) and a two-year master`s degree (diplomi-insin-i), for which the English names are Bachelor of Science (Technology) and Master of Science (Technology).  A corresponding change was made in military higher education, where the officer`s diploma was divided between bachelor`s and master`s degrees.